Introduction to Java

JAVA was developed by Sun Microsystems Inc in 1991, later acquired by Oracle Corporation. It was conceived by James Gosling and Patrick Naughton. It is a simple programming language.  Writing, compiling and debugging a program is easy in java.  It helps to create modular programs and reusable code and is ‘platform independent’.

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Hello World in Java

This is how you would display “Hello World” in your Java application.

We break the process of programming in Java into three steps:

  • Create the program by typing it into a text editor and saving it to a file named, say,
  • Compile it by typing “javac” in the terminal window.
  • Execute (or run) it by typing “java HelloWorld” in the terminal window.

So, the code in our file would look like

To compile type the text below at the terminal

Once you compile your program, you can execute it. This is the exciting part, where the computer follows your instructions. To run the HelloWorld program, type the following in the terminal window:

That’s it!